Animal Health

New Aphis 7001 Form Brings Changes to International Plant Exports

New Aphis 7001 Form Brings Changes to International Plant Exports

The world is now more interconnected than ever before, and this has facilitated the exchange of goods, including plants, across various borders. Despite the benefits associated with international plant exports, they also expose domestic ecosystems to the risks of invasive species introductions. To mitigate this risk, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has implemented a new phytosanitary certificate known as the Aphis 7001 form. This article explores the new Aphis 7001 form and its potential implications for international plant exports.

What is the Aphis 7001 Form?

The Aphis 7001 form is a phytosanitary certificate that is issued by the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) to accompany shipments of plants and plant products destined for foreign countries. This certificate verifies that the exported plants and plant products comply with the phytosanitary regulations of the destination country. The Aphis 7001 form replaces the former PPQ Form 577, which had been in use since 1993.

Changes Brought About by the New Aphis 7001 Form

The Aphis 7001 form brings several changes that international plant exporters need to keep in mind when exporting their products. First, the form now includes additional data fields that capture new information about the exported plant materials, such as lot numbers, and growing media. The growing media section is especially important as certain invasive species can hitchhike on this material, thus threatening the environmental integrity of the country of destination.

Second, the Aphis 7001 form has more stringent requirements for verifying plant identity. Exporters are required to document the scientific name of the plant or plant product on the certificate. This requirement acknowledges the fact that common names can vary across the world, and scientific names provide a universal language for plant identification.

Third, the new form has a section for declaring any special treatments the plants have undergone, such as fumigation or irradiation. This provision reflects the growing importance of ensuring the sanitization of plant products that are transiting across borders. Such treatments kill pests and diseases that may be present in the plants, thus reducing the risks of pest or disease introductions in the country of destination.

Benefits of the Aphis 7001 Form

The introduction of the Aphis 7001 form brings several benefits to international plant exports. First, the form is more comprehensive than the former PPQ Form 577, as it captures additional data fields that help to ensure the phytosanitary compliance of the exported plants. Consequently, the form reduces the risk of introducing invasive pests and diseases to foreign ecosystems.

Second, the more stringent requirements for plant identification allow the form to be a more precise tool for tracking and removing invasive species. Using scientific names ensures that the exported plant materials can be traced back to their origins, and any issues that arise can be addressed promptly.

Third, the inclusion of a section for declaring special treatments enhances the reputation of the exported products. Treatment information helps buyers know that the plants have been sanitized, creating a transparent and trustworthy relationship between the exporter and the importer. This transparency ensures compliance with phytosanitary regulations and reduces the risk of legal actions.


In conclusion, the Aphis 7001 form is a critical tool for ensuring the compliance of international plant exports with phytosanitary regulations. The form captures more comprehensive information regarding the exported plant materials, identifies them with their scientific names, and declares any special treatments, thus enhancing their phytosanitary compliance. Although the new form may require additional efforts and resources from exporters, it brings many benefits, such as reducing the risk of pest and disease introductions, ensuring product transparency, and compliance with legal and trade regulations. Therefore, exporters should familiarize themselves with the new Aphis 7001 form to ensure the continued success of their international plant exports.

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